PaKua

symbol

Yin-Yang The_Trigrams The_Eight_Changes The Pa-Kua Symbol, on which all of the Pa-Kua knowledge is based, combines many element of Chinese philosophy. Understanding some of these concepts helps in understanding what Pa-Kua teaches us. Following is an explanation of the Pa-Kua Symbol components


yinyang
Yin Yang

The concept of Yin Yang is one of the fundamental concepts of Chinese philosophy. It is a concept of relativity between two elements of a whole. Nothing in this concept is absolute. Not only is something Yin in comparison to something else which is Yang, but everything Yin contains a little bit of Yang and vice versa.

Nothing in our life is totally Yin nor totally Yang, and even something Yin in its majority is so only in comparison to something else that is Yang; in comparison to something else that is Yin it will be considered Yang. This concept is also very subjective. Something Yin in one persons set of values or judgment might be Yang in someone elses.

A thorough understanding of the Yin Yang concept is essential to the study of any Chinese knowledge.


8changes
The Eight Changes


Another fundamental concepts of Chinese philosophy is the theory of the Eight Changes. The Eight Changes are the basis of the original Chinese knowledge. The I-Ching, the most ancient book of Chinese knowledge, uses this concept as a starting point in to its multiplication and formation of the 64 Hexagrams. The study of the Eight Changes gives us an understanding of events and people we encounter in our daily life. It helps us look in to our past, understand it, and therefore helps us guide ourselves into the future.

The popular saying those who forget their past are bound to repeat their mistakes in the future is a clear summary of how the knowledge of the Eight Changes helps us navigate our future. Used as a system of classification of our ever-changing surroundings, the Eight Changes clarifies our understanding of the universe and its influences on our daily lives.

Chien Kun Chen sun kan li ken tui
HEAVEN EARTH THUNDER WIND WATER FIRE MOUNTAIN LAKE
Strength,
Creativity,
Pure Will
Docility,
Receptive,
Acceptance
Movement,
Initiative,
Action
Penetration,
Following
Danger,
Change
Brightness,
Inter-connection
Stillness,
Grounded,
Balance
Pleasure,
Joy,
Attraction

 


trigrams
The Trigrams


The Trigrams are a series of combinations of three lines. Some of the lines are Yin (broken) lines and Yang (solid) lines.

The above eight combinations are all of the possible combinations (in threes) of two different lines.

There are many arrangements of the Trigrams. The one featured here is one that puts emphasis on the family structure, an all important concept in Pa-Kua teachings.

The influences of the family play a major role in the shaping of an individuals behaviour. Sometimes, a study of the family illuminates many details of a persons characteristics and behavior, thus shedding lights on his future.

In the Pa-Kua School an active involvement of the whole family in the studies is strongly encouraged.

The reason three lines are used for the formation of the Trigrams, as opposed to two lines or perhaps even four, relates to another all important concept in Chinese philosophy.

This is the concept of SKY MAN EARTH.

Father mother son1 daughter1 son2 daughter2 son3 son3
FATHER MOTHER ELDEST SON ELDEST DAUGHTER SECOND SON SECOND DAUGHTER YOUNGEST SON YOUNGEST DAUGHTER

 


SKY - MAN - EARTH


This is another important classification method which is featured in all aspects of Chinese philosophy. Whether we are looking at distances in Pa-Kua Martial Art, considering differences in relationships, analyzing the different foods in our nutrition, or if we are studying the different energies in healing arts the concept of SKY MAN EARTH is omnipresent.

SKY is the furthest distance, it is safety, it is the energy coming from above, it is the spiritual, the abstract.
EARTH is the closest distance, it is danger, it is the energy from below, it is the material.
MAN is a combination of SKY and EARTH. It is also considered their neutralizer as well being subject to both of their influences. It is the middle ground.

Chinese philosophy believes that no relationship exists between two elements without the existence of a third element which neutralizes the two elements. The third element does not only fall under the influences of the two elements, but is also essential to the maintenance of the relationship between the two elements.

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About Pa-Kua Orange

The Pa-Kua Orange school was established in January, 2002. The first classes for the school were taught at the YWCA and then at Hart Park in Orange.
The first rented space for the school was located on Chapman Avenue, right next to a neighborhood gas station. Martial arts and yoga were the classes taught there.
Quickly outgrowing that space, the school was moved to a larger Chapman Avenue location on July 2, 2002 and remained there for 3 years. On July 25, 2005, the Pa-Kua Orange school added another location on the corner of Chapman Avenue and Olive. The two locations were later consolidated and moved to the school’s present location, 55 Plaza Square, on February 2, 2009.
For the 10-year anniversary of Pa-Kua Orange, a huge renovation of the Old Town Orange Plaza location took place. The project involved students, instructors, masters, family and community members working together. The school, the way it is today, is the finished product of that renovation.
The Pa-Kua Orange school provides classes for all ages. Training in any aspect of the art encourages physical, mental and spiritual growth and incorporates the ancient Chinese traditions of Pa-Kua.
Pa-Kua Orange is a committed member of the Pa-Kua International League. The International League of Pa-Kua was founded by Master Giordano Magliacano
(see Pa-Kua History). We have the honor of learning from Itinerant Masters who visit from all over the world to teach Pa-Kua. This makes it possible for the highest ranking Black Belts in a particular geographic area to continue taking classes and courses. It also provides the opportunity to have internationally certified belt evaluations for the students.

There are Pa-Kua schools in Oregon, Idaho, Florida, Nevada and Colorado. In New York there are schools located in Manhattan, Long Island and Brooklyn. The International League also has schools in many parts of Europe, Argentina, Brazil and one in New Zealand.

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Pa-Kua Chinese Archery

The bow features between the very first primitive weapons and is a very important tool in human history.

It really is believed that weapon originates back to 50, 000 years ago. Some images of prehistoric cavemen armed with bows and arrows have been entirely on rock paintings dated to be approximately 35, 000 yrs old.

Around 3, 500 BC, the Egyptians were utilizing these arms to keep their dominance in your community, and Centuries later, developed compound bows, using different materials such as wood, bone, animal horn and sinew. This combination of media allowed them to manufacture and use re-curved bows, which resulted in much smaller and, in time, better bows.

This advance in weapon technology enabled archers to attack their enemies from greater distances and the proven fact that it had been smaller allowed them to shoot their bows at a radius of 360º while installed on a galloping horse. This is, without question, the primary element in the expansion of the Mongol empire and the formation of the Grand Empire once we know it. Before the reign of Genghis Khan, in the year 1280 BD, the Mongol empire expanded to Austria and the regions of Syria, Russia, Vietnam and China.

There was an absolute Mongol influence to Chinese archery, although it is most likely impossible to see the precise amount, since for tens and thousands of years, millions of Chinese have used arrows in combat. There have been many Chinese schools and a selection of styles, the traditional method became quasi extinct as a practice and the Art of Chinese Archery survived for the reason that country only thanks to several enthusiastic practitioners of the art, Historians, Traditionalists and Collectors of Antiques.

The study of Traditional Chinese Archery all but disappeared from China at the beginning of the 20th century, once the Emperor Guangxu excluded archery from the curriculum of the Imperial Army in 1901. The japanese occupation of China during the 2nd World War was also contributed to the disappearance of the art.

After years of research, preparation, practice and training, the International League of Pakua began teaching the Art of Chinese Archery, reviving these ancient techniques of shooting and infusing it with Pakua Knowledge.

The International League of Pakua has hence played an historic role in the rebirth of an ancient knowledge, becoming most likely the only school that's keeping alive the many technical traditions of shooting with a Chinese arrow, in addition to helping propagate its practice all through South America.

The bow is without a doubt among the noblest weapons of Pakua, balancing efficiency of combat with the study of self-knowledge in addition to control of the body and the mind.

Some schools think about the bow to be a supreme weapon, more essential even compared to the sword, for it permits attacks from a distance. It could be the choice of every warrior, but both the bow and sword have become noble weapons. In many instances all through history they were utilized by exactly the same combatant, conducting his first attack at a distance with the bow accompanied by the sword for close up combat.

The original Chinese shooting style or once we call it now, the Pakua style, differs from the Mediterranean style - which uses three fingers to pull the string - and is characterized by the use of the thumb to pull the string. A thumb ring made based on the ancient traditions out of horn, bone or jade can be used to safeguard the finger from the tension of the string.

The Pakua bow is re-curved and is easily recognizable by its “ears”, nonflexible extensions of wood. This serves as a lever and multiplies the power of the draw.

You can find two forms of bows found in the Pakua School: One is made of wood, fiberglass and leather as the other is constructed of more traditional materials such as bamboo, water buffalo horn and wood. However both forms of bows are handcrafted.

The arrows utilized by Pakua students are also special and so are not easily available on the market. They must either be ordered or hand manufactured by the Masters themselves due to the very specific requirements. The projectiles are constructed of traditional materials such as bamboo and natural feathers that feature the white, red and black colors characteristics to the Pakua School and within its flag. This color scheme symbolizes the three Cosmic concepts of Sky, Man and Earth.

Courses in Archery are taught by the International Pakua League all over the world and include the Yin and Yang areas of the art: Chan Meditation is put on the shooting movements in addition to Traditional Chinese combat oriented techniques.

The study can be acquired to a person with or without experience in either Archery or Martial art.

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Itinerant Master

An Itinerant Master is a Master that is sent by the International League of Pa-Kua, to work with specific goals for the city, state or country they are asked to teach in. In California we are fortunate to have the Entitled Superior Master Nicolas D. Moyano as our Itinerant Master. He is the highest internationally ranked Black Belt and is the President of the International League of Pa-Kua. Master Moyano is the direct disciple of Master Giordano, the founder of Pa-Kua.

Itinerant Masters allow for the students and Masters throughout the world the opportunity to learn from another Master with different experience then their own Master or Instructor. An Itinerant Master can teach Courses & Seminars that might not be available to learn by the Masters who teach locally. It’s very important for the development of a student to take the opportunity and learn as much as possible from the Itinerant Master when he is here. Master Moyano travels all the way from Buenos Aires, Argentina to offer classes for all students and Masters. He is in California only 4 times per year. Master Moyano stays in California for two weeks each visit and will teach a few days in each of the five Pa-Kua Studios in California each visit.

Most of the Courses in Pa-Kua do not have any prerequisite. Anyone can request to take a Course, so invite your friends and family to join in.

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Pa-Kua History

The Pa-Kua Knowledge, passed down to us along the centuries, throughout millenniums, has transcended time. The Pa-Kua Symbol has shown to be the source of numerous philosophical, humanitarian, medical and nutritional aspect of ancient Chinese knowledge. Pa-Kua has also proven to be the source of infinite wisdom. Subject such as the I-Ching, Ch'ien Chi Kua, Energy Ways, provide the Pa-Kua student with unequaled tools to deal with what surrounds him. Based on the concept of Energy, these various studies of the ancient Chinese ways cover our daily concerns, our relationships, and our health. They are centered around a non-defined monotheistic belief of the world’s existence and direct us toward the fulfillment and betterment of our essence. Be it healing ourselves as well as our family, or be it understanding the patterns of happening in the Universe, the study of Pa-Kua will help one reach a clearer understanding of himself and his surroundings.

The study of the Pa-Kua Symbol and of the knowledge that has, over time and history, derived from it, is one of incredible depth, mysticism and intellectual stimulation. It is said that    Confucius wished to have 50 years added to his life in order to continue his study the Pa-Kua symbol and the I-Ching. The family formation of the Pa-Kua symbol, arranged by Master I-Chang is   the   basis of Pa-Kua International School founded by Master R. Magliacano Giordano some 30 years ago. Historically, Pa-Kua had always been taught in a very traditional form, being passed from generation to generation within the family nucleus.

TheMasterAfter obtaining permission from his Master, the venerable I-Chang Ming, Master Giordano formed the Pa-Kua International School, thus making this vast array of knowledge available to the public at large. Master Giordano has dedicated his life to making the Pa-Kua International School to grow, which has earned him recognition from President Bill Clinton. To date, the School counts close to ten thousand students and offers a variety of studies derived from the ancient PA-Kua Symbol. Studies include subjects such as Pa-Kua Martial arts, Chinese Yoga, Ancient Weapons, Reflexology, Ch'ien Chi Kua, and many more. The Pa-Kua International School has students in countries such Argentina, Brazil, Spain, Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland, Israel, United States, etc.

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PaKua Rhythm

The Pa-Kua Rhythm classes are a combination of Martial Art and Music. In these classes you will burn calories at the same time you will learn Martial Art basics in a non-structured but animated class. You will learn the fundamentals of how to kick and punch, while enjoying great music with friends.

Through Pa-Kua Rhythm, the student will receive many benefits such as weight loss, stress relief, endurance, improved coordination and core strength, besides adding a good rhythm to your life.

Brief Class Overview:

Warm-up with Instruction
Stretching and Preparation
Sequence of Combinations of Kicks & Punches
Rhythm with Partner Exercises
Bag Exercises
Core Strengthening

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PaKua Tai-Chi

For thousands of years Man has looked at the planets to find out more about the Universe that surrounds us. Through the observation of the movements repeated by the planets, the seasons, and nature in general, civilization has adapted its living cycles to the cycles of the universe. Today, technology has perhaps made most city dwellers forget the rhythm of seasons (sowing on specific dates and reaping on others); it has become more important to return to the age-old knowledge of Tai-Chi and study the movements that emulate the natural life-cycles. The study of Cosmo-Dynamics incorporates slow movements that are used as a form of relaxation, and teaches control of every part of the body. The movements practiced are slow and fluent. Students will focus on developing control and form as well as increasing muscle tone and improving flexibility. Self-defense techniques are also learned unknowingly by practicing the forms. Students studying Tai-Chi will achieve better conditioning for the body and, more importantly, develop a sense of internal calm.

Cosmo-Dynamics (Tai-Chi) is to learn to synchronize with the environment and move with the dynamics of the cosmos. The form is following in synchronization with the movements of the universe, looking for inner strength and balance in the universe using introspection. It's about opening the mind and losing the structure.

Brief Class Overview:

Guided Meditation
Practice of the movement of weight
Positions for the development of flexibility, balance and harmonization
Circle Walking
Development according to students’ experience
Memorization of the form
Training exercises applying the form
Form with guided Meditation

Benefits:

Improved Health
Revitalized Energy
Increased Productivity
Improved Sleep Quality
Joint pain Relief
Reduced Stress

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PaKua Reflexology

Reflexology is a complete and ancient technique that accelerates the body’s own healing process, helping it to return to its natural state of balance. Reflexology also works in prevention, to maintain our health and stress at a natural level. We are able to achieve this by the perfect stimulation of the micro bodies in our hands, feet, and ears that represent our entire body.

Our feet, hands, and ears actually contain a map of our bodies on them. By learning how to access a certain part of the body through massage of the foot, hand, or ear, we can promote healing or prevent organ imbalances and even diseases.

Learn how to use Pa-Kua Reflexology for you and your loved ones. It’s a fun, relaxing experience and an enjoyable way to improve your health.

Brief Class Overview:

Meditation and Breathing exercises

Qi Gong Movements

24 Movements that Generate Energy which have a therapeutic effect on our system

Theoretical Study of the Reflex areas

Practical Application of Reflexology through self Massage on your hands, feet, and ears

Study of the Chinese concepts of Energy

Benefits:

Improved Health

Revitalized Energy

Increased Productivity

Improved Sleep Quality

Joint pain Relief

Reduced Stress

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